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In some ant species, a worker ant communicates where food is by marking her path on the ground (or tree) back to the colony with a chemical trail so that other workers can find their way to the food.

Because these ants are large, they can often carry an insect home independently. When food is too big for a single ant to carry, the worker releases a chemical into the air that attracts additional foragers from up to two meters away.


In addition, to enhance the chemical alert, the worker will make noise with its body (called stridulation) which will intensify the response of her sisters to quickly arrive at the food source and transport it back to the colony.
These ants have basically two kinds of workers. The minor ants are small uniform-sized ants that gather food, tend and feed the queen and larvae, clean and build the nest among other tasks.
The majors are variable in size and have larger bodies and disproportionately large heads. They spend a fair amount of their time cleaning their own bodies. They also defend the colony and food stores, and crush seeds.
If the ratio of minors and majors changes so that there are fewer minor workers, the majors will fill in for minor worker ant jobs including caring for young and cleaning the nest.
In the Sonoran Desert, these ants find a nectar-like substance on various plants including some species of cholla cactus.
The plant has special organs called extrafloral nectaries which secrete a sweet sap that the ants relish. In some situations, the ants provide protection to the plant by stinging, spraying or swarming over insects that land on the plant.
This mutualism is advanced in some ant species, where the plant also provides hollow stems or spines for the ants to live in as well as protein nodules.
In these relationships, the plants provide all of the food and shelter needs of the ant colony.
Long-legged Black Ants -
Ants are known for their brute strength lifting things up to eight times their body weight. In the Sonoran desert, the entrance to the nest of this antis covered with small pebbles of a uniform size. The Yoeme people use these stones and silkmoth cocoons to create ceremonial rattles.

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